General practitioners in the USA and Canada provide 72% of endodontic treatments. But their training does not prepare them for the clinical intricacies of performing simple endodontic surgery.
In some situations, the appropriate management of technically substandard endodontically treated teeth requires surgical procedures to complete intra-canal treatment and fulfill the optimal clinical and biologic objectives or simply drain a swelling or curette an apical or periradicular lesion. There are so many endodontic pathologic problems where a simple elevation of a flap will reveal valuable diagnostic and prognostic information. The course is planned to teach the skills necessary to perform basic flap incision and elevation appropriate for endodontic problems, perform dentoalveolar curettage and simple apicoectomy of overfill and retreated endodontic cases which needs endodontic surgery. The availability of magnification with appropriate surgical loupes, anatomically designed microsurgical instruments will facilitate the surgery and achieved the objectives.
The 3 teeth flap design and routine placement of vertical incision. Two examples of the inappropriate flap designs and guidelines inherited from oral surgery but not suitable for modern endodontic surgery